Despite substantial reductions in perinatal deaths, India’s
perinatal mortality rates remain high. Rates are highest among disadvantaged socio-economic groups. To address this, India’s National Health Mission has trained ASHAs to counsel and support women by visiting them at home before and after childbirth. A qualitative study was conducted to explore the roles of ASHAs’ home visits in improving equity in perinatal health between socio-economic position groups in rural Uttar Pradesh, India.