Preventing Parent to Child Transmission of HIV/AIDS

Prevention of parent/mother to child transmission (PPCTC or PMTCT) refers to interventions to prevent the transmission of HIV from mother to child during pregnancy, labour, delivery or breastfeeding. Successful clinical trials of single dose Neverapine and combination anti-retroviral prophylaxis have led to global interest in PPTCT as an HIV prevention activity. The new Multi Drug Resistant ART given to HIV positive women during pregnancy reduces transmission by at least 75 per cent. Ensuring that they receive treatment is critical not only to prevent MTCT but also to protect their own health and survival.

IHAT partners with IL&FS implemented the project in eight districts in Rajasthan, India, from 2010 to 2015 with the aim to prevent HIV transmission from parent to child and to mitigate the impact of HIV by expanding access to services for HIV testing and counselling.


This involves regular home visits to do the follow–up with the couple and providing family counselling about the immunization, infant feeding options, as well as HIV testing for the baby. The Outreach worker is tracking HIV-infected pregnant women and their babies receiving a complete course of antiretroviral prophylaxis and ensuring their due follow-up visits to the facilities till 18 months. The project was being implemented in line with the National AIDS Control Programme (NACP) phage-IV PPTCT guidelines and following its latest modified provisions and supported by the Department of AIDS Control (DAC) and Rajasthan State AIDS Control Society (RSACS).

The PPCTC programme was implemented in line with NACP-IV PPTCT guidelines. Currently, 152 centers provide PPTCT services in the project districts.The Global Fund for AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria funded the project.


IHAT’s PPTCT Programme eight district projects in Rajasthan have got above 84 per cent scores for their performance. Rajasthan is rated one out of the nine best performing IL & FS supported states implementing the PPTCT programme (2011-12). During the reporting period, these projects have been able to reach directly to 25916 pregnant women and babies as well as indirectly to 106509 family members through its outreach and service linkages strategies.